Vanilla is the only edible fruit of the orchid. There are over fifty different varieties of this plant all over the world, the Vanilla Planifolia is the only one which produces the valuable fruit. Is original from Mexico and the vanilla growth and harvested in the region of Papantla has Protected Designation of Origin.
The Totonacs of Veracruz, Mexico are credited as its first cultivators.
The Totonacs considered vanilla a sacred herb and used it in ritual offerings, as a perfume and for medicine, but rarely as a flavoring. The Aztecs added to the mystique of vanilla by combining it with chocolate. When the Spanish explorer Hernan Cortez first met Emperor Moctezuma, he was offered a very exotic, special and original drink, which was named "Xocohotl". The drink was basically Chocolate and Vanilla; he was told it was Vanilla (Little Sheath) which describes the shape of the Vanilla pod. Cortez was so impressed that he returned to Spain with a supply of Vanilla beans to add this special flavor and fragrance to the palate of the Spanish King.commodity.
During the next 300 years, Mexican Vanilla was transplanted to various tropical regions throughout the world, without success.
Vanilla, a species of a climbing Orchid, grew beautiful foliage and flowers in each of these regions, but never produced any Vanilla pods. A mystery to the world until 1836, a Frenchman observing very closely the original Vanilla plant, in Mexico, discovered the reason. Each of the orchid blooms was visited by the small "Melipona" bee. This specialized little creature provided the pollination which produced the fruit! Only in Mexico is the Melipona Bee found.
The most rich and authentic vanilla grows in the state of Veracruz, Mexico, near the Gulf of Mexico.
Since this discovery, Mexican Vanilla has been produced in other tropical regions of the world, but only through artificial pollinization.
This is the reason why Mexican Vanilla is the finest for flavor and fragrance throughout the world, and truly is the King of Vanillas!
It takes approximately 18 months for a vanilla cutting to produce its first flowers. The small yellow-green orchid blooms for only a few hours before wilting unless it is naturally pollinated. The pollinated orchid will produce a long green bean in a few weeks, but the bean must remain on the vine for nine months to develop its complex flavor and fragrance profile. Yet when the beans are harvested, they have neither flavor nor fragrance until they go through an arduous curing and drying process.
Sources: Mexican Vanilla and OMG Foods